PIU-PDMA

The province of Punjab is susceptible to a number of disasters. The largely rural dense population poses further challenges. History has shown time and again that disasters in the Punjab region have directly caused a heavy loss of life and livelihood. A lack of resources, planning, and coordination have also come to light as contributing causes of increased losses.
Provincial Disaster Management Authority Punjab was formed following the National Disaster Management Ordinance in 2007. PDMA is gearing up to take effective steps for Disaster Risk Management (DRM), Rescue, Recovery, and Rehabilitation under the direction of the Director General. PDMA is also responsible for quick response to, and prompt management of natural and man-made disasters throughout the province of Punjab.
Provincial Disaster Management Authority Punjab was formed following the National Disaster Management Ordinance in 2007. PDMA is gearing up to take effective steps for Disaster Risk Management (DRM), Rescue, Recovery, and Rehabilitation under the direction of the Director General. PDMA is also responsible for quick response to, and prompt management of natural and man-made disasters throughout the province of Punjab.

Introduction to PIU

As part of PDMA’s efforts for disaster risk management activities, the Project Implementation Unit has been formed with the support of Asian Development Bank (ADB) and the World Bank (WB). It is a major step in effectively setting up an effective and efficient DRM network for the first time in Pakistan. Until this point, several efforts have been made to address DRM including a national program; however, there are large variations in their capabilities and performance.
PIU intends to use first-hand information from District based Disaster Management Coordinators (DDMCs) combined with enhanced GIS and remote sensing data to strengthen Local Capacity in the event of a disaster. The adoption of a proven scientific approach includes Multi-Hazard Vulnerability and Risk Assessment (MHVRA), Hazard and Risk Zonation Mapping, and Hazard Profiling that will transform the role and actions of PDMA in any emergency, allowing it to respond more effectively and efficiently as and when required.
In order to strengthen the local capacity to effectively manage disaster Response, Readiness, and Rehabilitation, Project Implementation Unit intends to identify the most vulnerable areas prone to disasters in Punjab and apply Multiple Disaster Risk Management Techniques that increase resilience throughout the province.

Impact of Activities

The floods that ravaged Punjab province in 2014, left devastating effects on the lives and livelihood of people. To date, there are still significant measures that need to be taken in order to address the full extent of the damages especially to critical public and social infrastructure including roads, bridges, irrigation and flood protection systems. The adoption of DRM methods will have a direct impact on the socio-economic recovery of the affected population

  1. Systematic Approach to Disaster Risk Management

By adopting a multidimensional approach to DRM, PIU will be able to pool resources and maximize collective collaboration in order to provide effective emergency aid. This will assist in alleviating a large part of post-disaster vulnerability and allow the provision of immediate relief as and when required. The coordination between multiple departments will also permit firmly directed collective action in order to rehabilitate the affected communities and have a direct impact on their lives.

  1. Disaster Risk Management System Strengthening

PIU will lead the way in strengthening an underperforming DRM system by utilizing Seismic and Spatial Data Collection and adopting measures to strengthen the Early Warning and Forecasting Systems. These functions will have a multifaceted impact; including the development of databases, maps, and models that can be utilized by other Government Agencies for different purposes. Furthermore, the early warning system based on updated Geo-Spatial Mapping will allow for a direct approach not only in rehabilitating disaster struck areas but in devising strategies of reconstruction according to Multi-Hazard Resistant Standards.

  • Multi Hazard Disaster Risk Assessment

Project Implementation Unit will complete Multi-Hazard Vulnerability and Risk Assessment (MHVRA) survey and a household level survey in different districts. This data will enable the understanding of the socio-economic risk and impact of natural and man-made disasters on the lives and livelihood of vulnerable individuals. Furthermore, it will be utilized to develop Planning Tools, Risk Zonation Mappingand Flood and Seismic Hazard Mapping and Modeling. This will assist in improved standards of disaster preparedness, Response, Mitigation, and planning Relief Activities.

  1. Gender Specific Activities and Social Dimension

Rehabilitation programs will increase women’s participation in Hazard Risk Mitigation Measures and improve a domestic understanding of Disaster Risks and Alleviation Methods thus promoting Community Based Disaster Risk Management (CBDRM). An additional impact will be in the form of a Gender Inclusive Awareness Campaign in order to achieve higher standards of Disaster Risk Reduction, Preparedness, and Response.

Training and Capacity Building

In order to ensure improved local capacity to combat disasters in the future, PIU will facilitate DRM training including Gender Specific Disaster Risk Reduction and Response Programs. Additional Capacity Building Programs for staff will assist in spatial and seismic mapping, MHVRA, CBDRM, and rescue and relief activities. Prior training in these areas will allow enhanced relief activities through social networks and increase awareness for disaster preparedness.

Conclusion

Together, the impact of all of the steps initiated by PIU is to maximize the amount of survivors who are affected by any man-made or natural disaster. The effective use of technology such as GIS and satellite imagery, combined with a systematic approach to DRM will lay the groundwork for developing a proactive approach towards Disaster Risk Reduction and Disaster Mitigation in Punjab. It will also establish a strong DRM framework that can be relied upon by Vulnerable Communities and utilized by other Government Departments in order to improve the standards and outreach of relief activities.